1. National Reports
Salt marsh expansion is a huge problem that has risen because of sea level rise near some coastal areas in the nation of Saudi Arabia. Many techniques are being used to manage this issue but the most effective and widely used method is groins. Groins are a sort of flood defense mechanism that is used mainly in marshlands. They are basically small sea walls that reduce wave energy in order to lessen the effect of erosion. This method is not always the right choice but if it’s done correctly this can effectively help the nation adapt to sea level rise.
Apart from adapting to salt marsh expansion Saudi Arabia is also doing various things in order to preserve their biodiversity. According to Saudi Arabia’s filed report to the UNFCCC, “Options to increase the adaptive capacity of species and ecosystems in the face of accelerating climate change include:
• Reducing non-climatic stresses, such as pollution, over-exploitation, habitat loss and fragmentation and invasive alien species.
• Wider adaptation of conservation and sustainable use practices including through the strengthening of protected area networks.
• Facilitating adaptive management through strengthening monitoring and evaluation systems.”
Recently Saudi Arabia has showed a deeper interest in increasing their protected area from 8 to 10 percent. Although that is only a two percent increase at least they are showing some signs of concern towards the countries natural beauty.
2. National Adaptation Program of Action
Saudi Arabia and Afghanistan are neighboring countries that have very similar geographical features. They are both located in the middle of a very hot and arid region of the world so naturally agriculture is a concerning factor when taking into account the overwhelmingly hot summers they endure. An adaptation strategy that Afghanistan is proposing to do that might help all desert regions is to research and develop drought resistant seeds that can successfully grow in arid conditions. I think that this drought resistant seeds idea is very interesting because if global warming continues to rise these crops might be the only source of food we can grow in the near feature. The development of this seed wouldn’t just help Afghanistan, Saudi Arabia, or the Middle East for that matter, but the entire world.
Besides the many similarities Saudi Arabia and Afghanistan share, some adaptation strategies that Afghans are proposing would not work as efficiently in the nation of Saudi Arabia. For example, Afghans are thinking of constructing more reservoirs for rain water to collect. I don’t know how effective this would be in Afghanistan but in my opinion I don’t think this method would work as well in Saudi Arabia. If you look at my Climate page, you will note that Saudi Arabia does not get much rain. So if they did constructed rain water reservoirs little to no water would collect and even if some did the arid conditions that the nation endures would most likely cause a lot of that water to evaporated thus making it almost useless.
3. Interesting Facts About My Region: Asia
An adaptation measure that the IPCC report recommends the continent of Asia to do is to start breeding fish that are tolerant to high water temperature. I think this is a good idea because marine life is really suffering with both the increase in CO2 and rise in temperature down there. Many countries in Asia depend on fish as their main source of food so this would be extremely helpful to them. I feel like this should be a top priority and needs to happen before it’s to late.
4. Adapt or Mitigate?
Through the development of desalination plants, Saudi Arabia has been able to adapt to yearly water shortages. This is a good first step but they now need to develop a way to grow crops more efficiently in hotter conditions. Once food and water supplies are at healthy and abundant level can they even think about mitigating. The country, as I said in my previous post, is hoping to generate 100 percent of their power from renewable energy in the upcoming years but until that becomes a reality they need to focus more on adapting. I feel like the world is way to oil dependent for mitigating to be even remotely successful so adapting, in my opinion, is the way to go.